Costa Rica is a peaceful democratic country with 4,132,884 inhabitants with a literacy of 96%. It is located in Central America bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Nicaragua and Panama. Being in the tropics, it has abundant rain and warm temperatures and two different seasons during the year. A dry season between December and April and the rainy season between May and November. However, both seasons can weave together.
Temperatures vary depending where you are in relation to sea level. At the coast it oscillates between 74 and 96 Fahrenheit, while in the highest regions it varies between 42 and 62 Fahrenheit.
Four mountain ranges run across the country: The most important is the Talamanca Range, where the Chirripo peak is located. The latter is the highest peak in the country, reaching 3;820 meters above the sea level. Costa Rica has several active volcanoes such as Poas, Arenal, Turrialba and Rincon de la Vieja. It also has beautiful beaches that stretch 225 kilometers on the Caribbean coast and 1103 kilometers on the Pacific Ocean.
Costa Rica has been considered a biological and cultural bridge due to its geographical position. It is a country rich in flora and fauna with more than 5% of the planet’s biodiversity. Costa Rica maintains 25 percent of its land for biological preserves, national forests, and other protected sites. Costa Rica's enlightened approach to conservation has ensured that lush jungles are home to playful monkeys, languid sloths, crocodiles, countless lizards, poison-dart frogs and a mind-boggling assortment of exotic birds, insects and butterflies. Meanwhile, endangered sea turtles nest on both coasts and cloud forests protect elusive birds and jungle cats.Costa Rica is a peaceful democratic country with 4,132,884 inhabitants with a literacy of 96%. It is located in Central America bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Nicaragua and Panama. Being in the tropics, it has abundant rain and warm temperatures and two different seasons during the year. A dry season between December and April and the rainy season between May and November. However, both seasons can weave together.
Costa Rica protects and preserves about 25% of its territory.
The Preserve Areas are:
- Guanacaste Conservation Area.
- Area Tempisque Conservation Area.
- Arenal Conservation Area
- Cocos Island Marine Conservation Area
- Central Pacific Conservation Area.
- Osa Conservation Area.
- North Huetar Conservation Area.
- Central Volcanic Cordillera Conservation
- La Amistad Conservation Area Pacific
- La Amistad Conservation Area Caribe
- Tortuguero Conservation Area.
Conservation Areas host the Costa Rican National Parks System, among the most important we can mention the following:
Poas Volcano National Park. (Volcanic Cordillera Conservation Area Central)
Date Created: January 25, 1971
Extension: 6506 hectareas
Altitude: 2708 m.s.n.m.
Average temperature: 12 º C
Average precipitation: 3500 mm
Diameter: 1320 meters
Depth: 300 meters
Diameter: 400 meters
Depth: 14 meters
The Poas Volcano is an active stratovolcano subconical form with several depressions on top. In the bottom of the crater forms a lagoon rich in sulfur and acid, which dries sulfur emission intensifies and produces acid rain. North of the active crater is Frantzius Von cone, the oldest eruption center at the top of the massif. To the southeast there is another cone occupied by Botos lagoon, formed by cold rain home.
The living areas are represented in this park the Montane Rain Forest and Lower Montane Wet Forest. Here we can distinguish four main habitats such as cloud forest, rain forest, the forest dwarf vegetation areas around the crater.
It is known as the largest protected wilderness area in the country and one of the most visited by locals and international visitors.
Manuel Antonio National Park (Central Pacific Conservation Area)
This protected wildlife area is located on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, in the canton of Aguirre in the province of Puntarenas.
It was created on November 15, 1972 through Act No. 5100. It has an area of 1,983 hectares in the terrestrial and 55,210 hectares in the marina.
Mission Manuel Antonio National Park
This is defined as: "the protection and sustainable management of terrestrial biodiversity, marine and scenic beauty in the transition zone BH-BMH, influenced by dry forest species in the Central Pacific, including the only protected natural habitat for Titi monkey, subspecies citrinellus as well as a center for socio-economic development and to promote conservation in the region.”
This is one of the Parks with a magnificent scenic views and one of the most visited by of the national and international tourism. Another important attraction is the tropical rainforest near the beach, home to several species of flora and fauna that are endangered.
Fauna and Flora
Manuel Antonio National Park has a rich and its flora and fauna, where there are 352 species of birds, 109 species of mammals, varied marine life and 346 plant species.The area is frequently observed bird species such as the tucancillo, pelican or buchón chocuaco, osprey, kingfisher green and chirincoca. It is also possible to see iguanas, lizards and snakes. Among the mammals are the most raccoon, coati, the agouti, sloths two and three fingers, the monkey-faced and squirrel monkey. It is important to note that during the rainy season, the abundance of food and water in the inner part of the forest, allow animals to sustain themselves in better shape, unlike the dry season, where they seek food in areas close to the beach . Some animals are nocturnal, so it is difficult to see during the day.
National Park Tortuguero (Tortuguero Conservation Area)
It was created in 1975, is located on Costa Rica's Caribbean region, 80km north of the city of Limon. One of the reasons for its creation, promoted by the herpetologist Archie Carr II, now deceased, was the protection of the green turtle (Chelonia mydas), as this is the most important nesting area in the western Caribbean.
Furthermore, Tortuguero is an area of great importance for its remaining tropical wet forest, which covered just 50 years ago almost all of northeastern Costa Rica.
Tortuguero National Park (TNP) covers an area of 26,156 hectares in the terrestrial and around 50,160 hectares of marine area (created to protect sea turtles). In this area predominantly tropical wet forest, with an average temperature of 26 ° C and annual rainfall of between 4,500 and 6,000 mm. There are plenty of rivers, canals and lagoons, which are used both by residents and by the tourist to navigate the park. These waterways serve as windows through which one can admire the lush flora and fauna.
Calendar of important dates in Costa Rica:
January 1 New Year
April 11 Day of National Hero Juan Santamaria Costa Rica.
May 1 Labor Day.
July 25 Day Annexation of Nicoya to Costa Rica
August 2 Day of the Virgin of the Angels Patroness of Costa Rica.
August 15 Mother's Day
August 24 National Parks Day
September 15 Independence Day
October 12 Day of the meeting of Cultures
Christmas Day December 25