About Costa Rica
Costa Rica is a peaceful and democratic country with 4,132,884 inhabitants and an illiteracy of 4%. It is located in Central America bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, between Nicaragua and Panama. Being in the Tropic, it has abundant rains and warm temperatures and two different seasons during the year. A dry season between December and April and a rainy season between May and November. However, both stations can be intertwined.
Temperatures vary in relation to the location above sea level. In the coasts they oscillate between 74 ° F and 96 ° F, whereas in the highest regions, they vary between 42 and 62 ° F. Four mountain ranges cross the country. The most important is the Talamanca mountain range where the Chirripó peak is located. The Chirripó is the highest hill in the country with a height of 3; 820 meters above sea level. Costa Rica has several active volcanoes such as Poás, Arenal, Turrialba and Rincón de la Vieja. It also has beautiful beaches that cover 225 kilometers on the Caribbean Coast and 1103 kilometers on the Pacific Coast.
Costa Rica enjoys political and social stability, a good standard of living, its people are cultured and welcoming. Its strategic location, serving as a natural bridge between North America and South America has turned it into a biological corridor of exceptional importance not only from the botanical and zoological point of view, but also anthropologically.
Costa Rica has more than 25 percent of its territory dedicated to preserving the planet's biodiversity. More than 6 percent of the world's flora and fauna is found in our small country, although it covers only 1/3 of 1 percent of the earth's surface. About 14 percent of our nation's territory is dedicated to 20 national parks and 21 percent to 26 protected lands, 9 forest reserves and 7 animal sanctuaries.
Conservation Areas of Costa Rica
Costa Rica allocates approximately 25% of its total territory to conservation areas across the length and breadth of the country.
- - Guanacaste Conservation Area.
- - Tempisque Conservation Area.
- - Arenal Conservation Area - Tempisque.
- - Isla del Coco Marine Conservation Area.
- - Central Pacific Conservation Area.
- - Osa Conservation Area.
- - Huetar Norte Conservation Area.
- - Central Volcanic Mountain Conservation Area.
- - La Amistad Conservation Area - Pacific.
- - La Amistad Conservation Area - Caribbean.
- - Tortuguero Conservation Area.
The conservation areas of Costa Rica house the National Parks, among the most important we can mention the following:
Poas Volcano National Park. (Central Volcanic Mountain Conservation Area).
- Date of Creation: January 25, 1971
- Extension: 6506 Ha.
- Altitude: 2708 meters above sea level
- Average temperature: 12ºC
- Average Precipitation: 3500 mm
- Main crater
- Diameter: 1320 meters
- Depth: 300 meters
- Botos Lagoon
- Diameter: 400 meters
- Depth: 14 meters
The Poás Volcano is an active stratovolcano subconically, with several caldron depressions in its upper part. At the bottom of the crater, a lagoon rich in sulfur and acids forms, which, when dried, intensifies the emission of sulfur and produces acid rain. To the north of the active crater is the Von Frantzius cone, the oldest eruptive focus on the summit of the massif. To the southeast there is another cone occupied by the Botos lagoon, constituted by cold water of pluvial origin.
The life zones represented in this park are the Montane Pluvial Forest and the Very Humid Montane Low Forest. Here we can distinguish 4 main habitats such as the cloud forest, the humid forest; the squat or dwarf forest and areas with scarce vegetation around the crater.
It is characterized for being the protected wild area of greater visitation in the country, besides offering some facilities for people with disabilities. ) Manuel Antonio National Park (Central Pacific Conservation Area).
This protected wild area is located on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, in the canton of Aguirre in the province of Puntarenas. It was created on November 15, 1972 by Law No. 5100. It has an area of 1. 983 hectares in the land part and 55. 210 hectares in the marine part.
Mission of Manuel Antonio National Park
This is defined as: "the protection and sustainable management of terrestrial biodiversity, marine and scenic beauty in the transition zone BH-BMH, with influence of dry forest species in the Central Pacific, including the only protected natural habitat for the Titi monkey, subspecies citrinellus, as well as a pole for socioeconomic development and for the promotion of conservation in the region. "General information.
This is one of the most beautiful national parks in the country and one of the areas that receives the most national and international tourism. Another important attraction is the tropical rain forest near the beach, where some species of flora and fauna that are in danger of extinction.
Fauna and Flora
The Manuel Antonio National Park has a great wealth of flora and fauna, where 352 species of birds, 109 species of mammals, varied marine fauna and 346 plant species are recorded. In the area it is common to observe bird species such as the tucancillo, the pelican or buchon, the chocuaco, the osprey, the green kingfisher and the chirincoca. It is also possible to observe iguanas, lizards and snakes. Among the most outstanding mammals are the raccoon, the coatis, the guatuza, the two and three-toed sloth, the white-faced monkey and the marmoset.
It is important to note that during the rainy season, the abundance of water and food in the inner part of the forest, allow the animals to sustain themselves in better shape, unlike the dry season, where they look for food in the areas near the beach . Some animals are nocturnal, so it is difficult to observe them during the day.
Tortuguero National Park (Tortuguero Conservation Area)
It was created in 1975, it is located in the Costa Rican Caribbean region, 80km north of the city of Limón. One of the reasons for its creation, promoted by the herpetologist Archie Carr II, now deceased, was the protection of the green turtle (Chelonia mydas), since this is the most important spawning area in the western Caribbean.
In addition, Tortuguero is an area of great importance for its remnant of very humid tropical forest, which barely 50 years ago covered virtually the entire northeast of Costa Rica. General information:.
The Tortuguero National Park (PNT) covers an area of 26. 156 hectares in its land part and around 50. 160 hectares of marine area (created to protect sea turtles). In this area the very humid tropic forest predominates, with an average annual temperature of 26ºC and an annual rainfall that ranges between 4,500 and 6,000 mm. Rivers, canals and lagoons abound, which are used by both residents and tourists to navigate the park. These navigation routes serve as windows through which you can admire the exuberant flora and fauna of the place.
Calendar of most important dates in Costa Rica:
- January 01 New Year.
- April 11 Day of Juan Santamaria National Hero of Costa Rica.
- May 1st Labor Day.
- August 2 Day of the Virgin of the Angels Patron of Costa Rica.
- August 15 Mother's Day.
- August 24 National Parks Day.
- September 15 Independence Day.
- October 12th Meeting of Cultures Day
- 25th December, Christmas