About Costa Rica
Costa Rica is a peaceful democratic country with 4,132,884 inhabitants with a literacy of 96%. It is located in Central America bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Nicaragua and Panama. Being in the tropics, it has abundant rain and warm temperatures and two different seasons during the year. A dry season between December and April and the rainy season between May and November. However, both seasons can weave together.
Temperatures vary in relation to the location above sea level. In the coasts they oscillate between 74 ° F and 96 ° F, whereas in the highest regions, they vary between 42 and 62 ° F. Four mountain ranges cross the country. The most important is the Talamanca mountain range where the Chirripó peak is located. The Chirripó is the highest hill in the country with a height of 3; 820 meters above sea level. Costa Rica has several active volcanoes such as Poás, Arenal, Turrialba and Rincón de la Vieja. It also has beautiful beaches that cover 225 kilometers on the Caribbean coast and 1103 kilometers on the Pacific coast.
Costa Rica has been considered a biological and cultural bridge due to its geographical position. It is a country rich in flora and fauna with more than 5% of the planetâ€™s biodiversity. Costa Rica maintains 25 percent of its land for biological preserves, national forests, and other protected sites. Costa Rica enlightened approach to conservation has ensured that lush jungles are home to playful monkeys, languid sloths, crocodiles, countless lizards, poison-dart frogs and a mind-boggling assortment of exotic birds, insects and butterflies. Meanwhile, endangered sea turtles nest on both coasts and cloud forests protect elusive birds and jungle cats.Costa Rica is a peaceful democratic country with 4,132,884 inhabitants with a literacy of 96%. It is located in Central America bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Nicaragua and Panama. Being in the tropics, it has abundant rain and warm temperatures and two different seasons during the year. A dry season between December and April and the rainy season between May and November. However, both seasons can weave together.
Conservation Areas of Costa Rica
Costa Rica protects and preserves about 25% of its territory.
- - Guanacaste Conservation Area.
- - Tempisque Conservation Area.
- - Arenal Conservation Area - Tempisque.
- - Isla del Coco Marine Conservation Area.
- - Central Pacific Conservation Area.
- - Osa Conservation Area.
- - Huetar Norte Conservation Area.
- - Central Volcanic Mountain Conservation Area.
- - La Amistad Conservation Area - Pacific.
- - La Amistad Conservation Area - Caribbean.
- - Tortuguero Conservation Area.
Conservation Areas host the Costa Rican National Parks System, among the most important we can mention the following:
Poas Volcano National Park. (Central Volcanic Mountain Conservation Area).
- Date Created: January 25, 1971
- Extension: 6506 hectareas
- Altitude: 2708 m.s.n.m.
- Average temperature: 12ºC
- Average Precipitation: 3500 mm
- Head Crater
- Diameter: 1320 meters
- Depth: 300 meters
- Botos Lagoon
- Diameter: 400 meters
- Depth: 14 meters
The Poas Volcano is an active stratovolcano subconical form with several depressions on top. In the bottom of the crater forms a lagoon rich in sulfur and acid, which dries sulfur emission intensifies and produces acid rain. North of the active crater is Frantzius Von cone, the oldest eruption center at the top of the massif. To the southeast there is another cone occupied by Botos lagoon, formed by cold rain home.
The living areas are represented in this park the Montane Rain Forest and Lower Montane Wet Forest. Here we can distinguish four main habitats such as cloud forest, rain forest, the forest dwarf vegetation areas around the crater.
It is characterized for being the protected wild area of greater visitation in the country, besides offering some facilities for people with disabilities. ) Manuel Antonio National Park (Central Pacific Conservation Area).
Manuel Antonio National Park (Central Pacific Conservation Area)
This is defined as: "the protection and sustainable management of terrestrial biodiversity, marine and scenic beauty in the transition zone BH-BMH, with influence of dry forest species in the Central Pacific, including the only protected natural habitat for the Titi monkey, subspecies citrinellus, as well as a pole for socioeconomic development and for the promotion of conservation in the region. "General information.
This is defined as: "the protection and sustainable management of terrestrial biodiversity, marine and scenic beauty in the transition zone BH-BMH, influenced by dry forest species in the Central Pacific, including the only protected natural habitat for Titi monkey, subspecies citrinellus as well as a center for socio-economic development and to promote conservation in the region.” Overview This is one of the Parks with a magnificent scenic views and one of the most visited by of the national and international tourism. Another important attraction is the tropical rainforest near the beach, home to several species of flora and fauna that are endangered.
Fauna and Flora
Manuel Antonio National Park has a rich and its flora and fauna, where there are 352 species of birds, 109 species of mammals, varied marine life and 346 plant species.The area is frequently observed bird species such as the tucancillo, pelican or buchón chocuaco, osprey, kingfisher green and chirincoca. It is also possible to see iguanas, lizards and snakes.
Among the mammals are the most raccoon, coati, the agouti, sloths two and three fingers, the monkey-faced and squirrel monkey. It is important to note that during the rainy season, the abundance of food and water in the inner part of the forest, allow animals to sustain themselves in better shape, unlike the dry season, where they seek food in areas close to the beach . Some animals are nocturnal, so it is difficult to see during the day.
Tortuguero National Park (Tortuguero Conservation Area)
It was created in 1975, it is located in the Costa Rican Caribbean region, 80km north of the city of Limón. One of the reasons for its creation, promoted by the herpetologist Archie Carr II, now deceased, was the protection of the green turtle (Chelonia mydas), since this is the most important spawning area in the western Caribbean.
Furthermore, Tortuguero is an area of great importance for its remaining tropical wet forest, which covered just 50 years ago almost all of northeastern Costa Rica.
The Tortuguero National Park (PNT) covers an area of 26. 156 hectares in its land part and around 50. 160 hectares of marine area (created to protect sea turtles). In this area the humid tropic forest predominates, with an average annual temperature of 26ºC and an annual rainfall that ranges between 4,500 and 6,000 mm. Rivers, canals and lagoons abound, which are used by both residents and tourists to navigate the park. These navigation routes serve as windows through which you can admire the exuberant flora and fauna of the place.
Calendar of important dates in Costa Rica:
- January 1 New Year.
- April 11 Day of National Hero Juan Santamaria Costa Rica.
- May 1st Labor Day.
- August 2 Day of the Virgin of the Angels Patron of Costa Rica.
- August 15 Mother's Day.
- August 24 National Parks Day
- September 15 Independence Day.
- October 12th Meeting of Cultures Day
- Christmas Day December 25